endobj G��85�����؞��0Ƀ4ȃ��2��$�AeDC)���j$29#Y��%�e�%�E��£�/�+�(N�O{���]��ç>,`��]��-��*ԣ��H�F�XC�~~]���>V��:�ĉ,�*�lIJ4��69�Lt�^�zi9�L��>�v����,s�ЊM۵�^�$� �-��mH���T�F��'��AGfab��8J��pZ�ȵ�~�ɋ���t=̍�D��ѵ8@�7�ޯi����.`�'��oD}o6�F�t Nm` z�oĢ��>�_�%�:�'������cH�dI�/��2��8� So it is necessary to understand the system, which keeps women dominated and subordinate, and to unravel its workings in order to work for women s development in a … <> Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. 0000014155 00000 n Literally translated, patriarchy means ‘the rule of the father’. 2 0 obj ��[g�u�0��"W�h$��,����O��U��~ 0000009660 00000 n The nature of this control may differ. 0000012845 00000 n What drives Patriarchy as a system - what fuels competi-tion, aggression, and oppression - is a dynamic relation-ship between control and fear. ���q|�n�Ɋ8V���2����:�goo�3�����'�����@-TA��������t� The concept `patriarchy', while being vital for feminist analysis, has been criticised for not being able to deal with historical and cross-cultural variation in the forms of women's subordination. 0000032578 00000 n As the term itself suggests, a patriarchal society is a male-dominated social system wherein males are the supreme authority figures and hold primary and maximum power. 0000008056 00000 n �� endstream endobj 43 0 obj <> endobj 44 0 obj <> endobj 45 0 obj <>stream 0000010197 00000 n Patriarchy is a political-social system that insists that males are inherently dominating, superior to everything and everyone deemed weak, especially females, and endowed with the right to dominate and rule over the weak and to maintain that dominance through … /�E�?�^"EHZ���h�iH������V$�ϊ}�q'��w��_L�sۃ_̩��_���zs��~H��t}�. Patriarchy is the prime obstacle to women’s advancement and development. 0000003385 00000 n Despite differences in levels of domination the broad principles remain the same, i.e. 0000000876 00000 n 0000003741 00000 n men are in control. H�\��n�0��y ��<2�2q������B,���"�EЋ�/��Hz The household refers to domestic en-vironment where the housewife and her contribution in According to Walby (1990), patriarchy is composed of six factors which are sources of exploitation and are interde-pendent in nature. 0000005024 00000 n 0000006912 00000 n <> endobj 0000007507 00000 n 0000032321 00000 n endobj 0000001383 00000 n You are currently offline. 3 0 obj According to the Oxford Dictionary, a patriarchal family is, “a system of societ… 0000002957 00000 n 0000002922 00000 n 0000006293 00000 n 0000008965 00000 n The most obvious aspect of a patriarchal society is the fact that the institutions of that society privilege men. characteristics of maleness and/or femaleness with which a person is born. h�b```b``�``e`�� �� @16� )k�ڮ�jL��3I,���Β��{|n��cCv� �JO(v��_�1T�ir� �d�h��P� �����,�����@Y~Fo -Ī`��|l��600.p0�Qe�~(�SA���ɓ���Cm�������1W�\(o�e3�J9���Gd�����k��i�q�b� o�a ��1}T�6+20V_�� ��:� endstream endobj 35 0 obj <>>>/Metadata 32 0 R/Outlines 26 0 R/Pages 31 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 36 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 27 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 792.0 612.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 37 0 obj <> endobj 38 0 obj <> endobj 39 0 obj [/ICCBased 55 0 R] endobj 40 0 obj <> endobj 41 0 obj <> endobj 42 0 obj <>stream <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 16 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> men are in control. In the modern world where women go ahead by their merit, patriarchy there creates obstacles for…, Patriarchal Hegemony: Investigating the Impact of Patriarchy on Women’s Work-Life Balance, Patriarchy and Women’s Parliamentary representation in Bangladesh, Paternity denial and consequences on children in patriarchal society: Situation in consensual couples in Rwanda, Women And The Victorian Values In Fire On The Mountain, The Male Dominance in Flora Nwapa’s Novels (Patriarchy), Understanding standpoints on women through a patriarchal voice: A study of Ayinla Omowura’s music, Dominant Positionings and Paradoxical Mobilities: Child Migrants in Java, Indonesia, Mind your attitude: the impact of patriarchy on women’s workplace behaviour, From victims to the vaunted: Young women and peace building in Mashonaland East, Zimbabwe, Political Development Discourse: A Patriarchal Matrix of Representation in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic, The Unhappy Marriage of Marxism and Feminism: Towards a more Progressive Union, Some Notes on Female Wage Labour in Capitalist Production, The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State, The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution, By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our. 34 0 obj <> endobj xref 34 29 0000000016 00000 n So it is necessary to understand the system, which keeps women dominated and subordinate, and to unravel its workings in order to work for women’s development in a systematic way. 0000001211 00000 n If society placed a … The nature of this control may differ. Patriarchy is the prime obstacle to women s advancement and development. "Patriarchy is a form of mental, social, spiritual, economic and political organization/structuring of society produced by the gradual institutionalization of sex- based political relations created, maintained and reinforced by different institutions linked closely together to achieve consensus on the lesser value of women and their roles. Despite differences in levels of domination the broad principles remain the same, i.e. Some features of the site may not work correctly. H�\��j� ��}��ܽX�a��B�-�\�@�>@��Th�s����*�|2���#�6O�����e�m��e^�D�qԆ�(-��O9u�q*n���ԘafU����w�����7��i3������?8��A]��^:��MEy����)>7�P�{������v]gFdUF���V�ШyzH,���9VA�eXU�)�OIs 1 0 obj ��V97T72��>�"W�Vu����1TşS�ǼI�7ڒ�wZ�T//�����)�h���G�SJ�~��|���#Uz�"A RX��`��H�50�˂\�Σ� n��. %PDF-1.7 %���� 0000008676 00000 n • Gender Identityrefers to one’s psychological sense of oneself as a male, female, gender transgressive, etc. x��\[��ȱ~7���؇)���d�,���68���,�M85bvD)���O]���5Gv�AY}���W��o>�|�˻��͍��靸�{���)��b%�V�_I���H�Q.EßD�m^�����?�_�6�u=��f������_'�ü���?�ݟ^�z�bǶ�b��o���tV����/�2�����h�*e����C�Ye���i�����a����ṙTE��+����~o�j��#���0�N��b^�Z�� ̰���^��3L���*�P����u>��0zw�_�٣�Y���|p�b�����l#�2���h=��I�'h���v.l(l��e6��O'�o~is� M���+t�C�`��>�p�Zۯ��V|7��t�S ��2�w�*��CK��A�ܷ��q���=� o��T\��/tx�q���QT�g߼~��D�=�8�,�Xy%�I���1�(��p%�(F���-,�i�E�߈�'y���,�Ӭ`q(�{�u�}�� ;��yT�e�k������>h��]�KJ]��"��$�+A�͢�vu��e��h���(t�/4O�,�{ i"� [���;�4�fN�E�@�]��,��'mQ��J��������e� In a patriarchal family, it is the father who controls every economic, social, and moral decision regarding everyone else in the family. 0000003068 00000 n stream ... but the low value that patriarchy assigns to feminine qualities. 0000001808 00000 n 0000004397 00000 n trailer <<0ADEF4A0C7804FEC9A07B58D6A42F9D2>]/Prev 97756>> startxref 0 %%EOF 62 0 obj <>stream 0000018279 00000 n 0000005666 00000 n 0000018392 00000 n A patriarchy is considered the head of the household and within the family he controls productive resources, labour force, and 4 reproductive capacities based on the notions of superiority and inferiority and legitimized by differences in gender and generation. 0000002193 00000 n They are the household, paid employ-ment, the state, male-on-female violence, sexuality, and cultural institutions. 1.2 The nature of men - … 4 0 obj Patriarchy encourages men to seek security, status, and other rewards through con-trol; to fear other men's ability to control and harm them; 0000003829 00000 n %���� %PDF-1.5 <>>>