Fun Facts About Helium Gas. The atomic number of helium is 2, meaning each atom of helium has two protons . This causes people's voices to get high pitched and squeaky when they breathe helium (note: never breathe helium as you can suffocate if you breathe too much). It is a large topic and hence, we decided to create a separate facts’ list for the same. Through α-decay, these elements release Helium. In the early 1950s, Jack B. Kelley of Amarillo developed a unique tank truck that could safely transport helium and other “exotic” gases at extremely high pressures. It wasn't until 1895, however, that helium's presence on Earth was confirmed and that scientist discovered its atomic weight. The reason why 3He is found on moon is that solar winds led to 3He rain on surface of Moon for several billion years. Approximately 96 tonnes of superfluid helium-4 are needed to keep the magnets of the Large Hadron Collider at their operating temperature of 1.9 K (−271.25 °C). 9. You can find out much more on our main helium page. Though Hydrogen is lighter than Helium, Helium is used for making things float (for example, balloon). Helium is an industrial commodity with many more important uses than party balloons and making your voice sound funny. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. 11. Lucky me I found your blog by chance (stumbleupon). Not just that Hydrogen is fused in Helium, even Helium atoms are fused together to form Silicon, Oxygen and Carbon – which are heavier elements compared to Helium. Gessner said. The Earth’s atmosphere volume is 0.0005% helium. According to the Jefferson National Linear Accelerator Laboratory, the properties of helium are: On Aug. 18, 1868, a total eclipse obscured the sun. The bill prevented the federal government from undercutting private producers, thus encouraging more sources of helium production to go online. March 19, 2020. By 1915, with WWI in full swing, the need to replace the highly explosive hydrogen with the inert nonexplosive helium as the gas to inflate military dirigibles and balloons became a high priority. There are 7 noble gases (Oganesson, Radon, Xenon, Krypton, Argon, Neon, Helium) of which, Helium has least density and it is lightest of all the noble gases. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Interesting Helium Facts: 11-15. For instance, you might have heard that the word ‘helium’ originates from the Greek word helios, meaning the Sun. 2. ). Check other interesting facts about helium below: Facts about Helium 1: helium in the universe. 5 Interesting Facts About Helium. It is this feature that allows Helium to be used in powerful superconducting electromagnets as coolant. (Practice this party trick in moderation, though: Helium replaces oxygen in the lungs and can kill you if you inhale enough.). Stay tuned to learn about discovery of Helium in our next article. 7. The initial hint that helium was lurking in natural gas occurred in 1903, according to the American Chemical Society (ACS). Nature Facts:  https://www.interestingfacts.org/category/nature-facts, World Facts:  https://www.interestingfacts.org/category/world-facts, Science Facts:  https://www.interestingfacts.org/category/science-facts, Definitions: https://www.interestingfacts.org/category/definition, Planets:  https://www.interestingfacts.org/category/facts-about-planets, Nutrition Facts:  https://www.interestingfacts.org/category/nutrition-facts, Quotes:  https://www.interestingfacts.org/category/quotes, Things To Do:  https://www.seatsforeveryone.com/blog, Sitemap:  https://www.interestingfacts.org/sitemap.xml, Your email address will not be published. Helium belongs to the family of noble gases. The isotope 3He is not found on Earth. Instead, the helium used in science and industry today comes from natural gas, where this element was first discovered in 1905. For some time, helium was believed to exist only in the Sun. 3. When these alpha particles attract a couple of electrons, the result is a helium atom. Read on for more about this lighter-than-air gas, its amazing discovery story and all of its myriad uses today. The army built the first experimental helium extraction plant in 1915 at Petrolia, Texas, in Clay County and soon thereafter the Navy built two more experimental plants north of Fort Worth. In this article on interesting Helium facts, we are going to learn 30 facts, some of which may have already been known to you. At 25 atmospheres of pressure helium is a solid at 0.95 K. As the pressure rises, the temperature at which solid helium exists also rises. It is a colorless, flavorless gas, best known for its use in filling floating balloons. Helium has never been observed by scientists to bond with another element to form a compound. He had the gas from the well collected and discovered that 12 percent was made of an "inert residue." Janssen realized he had discovered a new element. "One aspect we haven't touched on at all in the last study is where does this vorticity actually come from, and how could we eventually maybe control it?" 2. Here is an informative article from NationalGeographic.com analyzing the issue of a shortage of helium. There is no dearth of facts about helium which you are bound to find ‘interesting’. 18. Helium is the second least reactive element after neon. 24 Helium Facts for Kids Helium is a chemical element on the periodic table. However, we did not write of its discovery. There was a problem. Helium is used in various medical and lab devices and equipment, so the shortages in the last decade continue to impact local businesses. Although many people think inhaling helium makes a voice sound higher, it doesn't actually alter the pitch. This move aims to create a separate website that is not related to studies and provides only interesting stuff! Lighter-than-air helium allows balloons to fly. In 2018, U.S. consumption of Grade-A helium was 39 million cubic meters (1.4 billion cubic feet), and it was used for magnetic resonance imaging, 30%; lifting gas, 17%; analytical and laboratory applications, 14%; welding, 9%; engineering and scientific applications, 6%; leak detection and semiconductor manufacturing, 5% each; and various other minor applications, 14%. That concludes our list of 30 Helium facts. The Helium cylinders that are sold in market contain the Helium released by radioactive decay. But simultaneously, Gessner said, these droplets are behaving according to the rules of quantum physics, which deal with the behavior of nano-sized opbjects. The second element on the Periodic Table of Elements is inert, colorless and odorless — but far from boring. That’s because it is constantly replenished. It's just that inert. Then, how come it is present in our atmosphere? 11. We use cookies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads through our advertisement partner. According to the Royal Society of Chemistry, Italian physicist Luigi Palmieri observed a wavelength of 587.49 nanometers in gases emitted from Mount Vesuvius in 1882, the first detection of helium on Earth. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. Helium is second only to hydrogen in its abundance in the universe, making up approximately 24 percent of the universe’s mass.