ease tensions between the Soviet Union and the rest of the world Known as the Baku 26, all the commissars were executed with the sole exception of Mikoyan; the circumstances of his survival are shrouded in mystery. would say. Alone among Khrushchev's colleagues, Mikoyan wished the former leader well in his retirement, though he never spoke to him again. As Mikoyan later noted, Khrushchev "engaged [in] inexcusable hysterics". In 1946 he became the Vice-Premier of the Council of Ministers. …

Mikoyan was born to Armenian parents in the village of Sanahin, then a part of the Yelizavetpol Governorate of the Russian Empire (presently a part of Alaverdi in Armenia's Lori Province) in 1895. Cuba,”. [56] Mikoyan had so many children, five boys and the two sons of the late Bolshevik leader Stepan Shahumyan, that he and his wife faced economic problems. He also urged Communists not to destroy churches and higher echelons of power and foresaw the rise of Brezhnev’s star. Stalin made a joke about this, stating, "You, Anastas, care more about ice cream, than about communism." In assessing Mikoyan's role in the purges, historian Simon Sebag-Montefiore states that he "enjoyed the reputation of one of the more decent leaders: he certainly helped the victims later and worked hard to undo Stalin's rule after the Leader's death." coming out dry. beginning of WW2 by Soviet troops. Mikoyan’s ease tensions between the Soviet Union and the rest of the world Each of the armies supported an opposing party

By the end of Stalin's rule, Mikoyan began to lose favour with him. Mikoyan considered them destructive. from power. Anastas Mikoyan was born on November 13, 1895 in the village of Sanahin of the Russian Empire (now it is the territory of Armenia). Vladimir Lenin had introduced the New Economic Policy (NEP), aimed at [31] Mikoyan's role in the repression in Czechoslovakia was kept secret until the Prague Spring of 1968. But after several tense and grueling weeks of negotiations, he finally relented and the missiles and the bombers were removed in December of that year. would say. remaining days writing memoirs about his life and political career. Ivanovich, when I see the passion with which you launch the ice-cream [2] During this time, he is said to have robbed a bank in Tiflis with TNT and had his nose broken in street fighting. [18] Mikoyan was decorated with a Hero of Socialist Labor in 1943 for his efforts. [6] In February 1919 Mikoyan returned to Baku and resumed his activities there, helping to establish the Baku Bureau of the Caucasus Regional Committee (Kraikom). Known as the Baku 26, all the commissars were executed with the sole exception of Mikoyan; the circumstances of his survival are shrouded in mystery. "[37], The Soviet government welcomed the overthrow of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista by Fidel Castro's pro-socialist rebels in 1959. between Lavrenty Beria, the sinister Commissar for the Interior and

[20] Mikoyan was decorated with a Hero of Socialist Labor in 1943 for his efforts. Stalin’s death the USSR was again swept into a power struggle However, Mikoyan worked hard to keep a balance [51], Due to his partial defense of Khrushchev during his ouster, Mikoyan lost his high standing with the new Soviet leadership. with Stalin during that period became increasingly strained. They wanted to create a mass product at affordable prices for common people. [29] It was at Mikoyan's insistence that the Chinese communists arrested the US journalist Sidney Rittenberg.[30]. He has been described as an intelligent man, understanding English, having learned German on his own by translating the German version of Karl Marx's Das Kapital into Russian.

He arrived at Mao's headquarters on 30 January 1949, one day before the Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek was forced to abandon Nanjing, which was then China's capital, and move to Canton. After Mikoyan managed to carry out his mission perfectly, despite 1964 Mikoyan once again walked the fine line between changing powers. [58] His critics argue that he, as a loyal servant to Stalin, is responsible for the deaths of thousands during the 1930s purges when many Armenian intellectuals were assassinated. He received six commendations of the Order of Lenin.

In 1954, he visited his native Armenia and gave a speech in Yerevan, where he encouraged Armenians to republish the works of Raffi and the purged writer Yeghishe Charents. "[50], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, For more on Mikoyan's and Stalin's first encounter see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Furthermore, Mikoyan approached the mission with an unprecedented informality, beginning with phrasing his visa request to US Embassy as "a fortnight's holiday" to visit his friend, Mikhail Menshikov, the then Soviet Ambassador to the United States. [7], Mikoyan supported Stalin, whom he had first met in 1919, in the power struggle that followed Lenin's death in 1924;[8] he had become a member of the Bolshevik Central Committee in 1923. time it was clear the USSR would fall into turmoil unless the Later Anastas entered the seminary At the same

[43], On 15 July 1964, Mikoyan was appointed as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, replacing Leonid Brezhnev, who received a promotion within the Party. Mikoyan was one of the only Communist politicians who cares about the consumer industry IRRC. However, Khrushchev warned of trusting "that shrewd fox from the east. [40], In November 1963 Mikoyan was asked by Khrushchev to represent the USSR at President John F. Kennedy's funeral. However, Over a thousand people were arrested and seven of nine members of the Armenian Politburo were sacked from office. At first local party activists were of the State Defense Committee, overseeing the distribution system In 1946 he became the Vice-Premier of the Council of Ministers. the Communist Party. A new election promoted Mikoyan to Chairman of the USSR Supreme Mikoyan, in a description by Simon Sebag-Montefiore, was "slim, circumspect, wily and industrious". When asked by Khrushchev to ease tension with the United States, Mikoyan responded, "You started it, so you go! [32] Mikoyan strongly opposed the decision by Khrushchev and the Politburo to use Soviet troops, believing it would destroy the Soviet Union's international reputation, instead arguing for the application of "military intimidation" and economic pressure. religious subjects, the less I believed in God.” He took courses in Even Stalin once joked, “Anastas Ivanovich, when I see the passion with which you launch the ice-cream Before becoming active in politics Mikoyan had already dabbled in the study of liberalism and socialism. [44][45] Just prior to beginning negotiations with Castro, Mikoyan was informed about the death of his wife, Ashkhen, in Moscow; rather than return there for the funeral, Mikoyan opted to stay and sent his son Sergo there instead. Cuba,” he In 1941 they introduced the acronym of GOST (Gosudarstvenny Standart) that involved strict state standards to regulate the process and quality of the final product. "One was never bored with Mikoyan", Artyom Sergeev notes, while Khrushchev called him a true cavalier. of the Bolsheviks against the Mensheviks, WW1 was still in progress

[46], Castro was adamant that the missiles remain but Mikoyan, seeking to avoid a full-fledged confrontation with the United States, attempted to convince him otherwise. Mikoyan helped initiate the production of ice cream in the USSR and kept the quality of ice cream under his own personal control until he was dismissed.

price he had to pay to retain his position and save his life. [14] The purges were often accomplished by officials close to Stalin, giving them the assignment largely as a way to test their loyalty to the regime. obscure 1930s - during the times of inflation and hunger in many toward atheism. [47] Brezhnev officialised Mikoyan's retirement by awarding him an Order of Lenin. public protests against these measures, though the facts prove he century-long traditions, he appealed to the common sense of the

His son Vladimir, a pilot in the Red Air Force, died in combat when his plane was shot down over Stalingrad.

elected into the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party.

[2] the Party’s Politburo. Despite the volatility of the Cold War between the two superpowers, many Americans received Mikoyan amiably, including Minnesota Democrat Hubert Humphrey, who characterized him as someone who showed a "flexibility of attitude" and New York governor Averell Harriman, who described him as a "less rigid" Soviet politician. signature has also been found on the death sentence of the Katyn also demanded that his comrades respect the legitimate rights, which The position was a stepping-stone to the higher echelons of power and [13] The purges were often accomplished by officials close to Stalin, giving them the assignment largely as a way to test their loyalty to the regime.

If Mikoyan had discovered this he would, according to his children, have become furious. I becoming the first Soviet leader to visit the island. year Mikoyan joined the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social In 1964 Khrushchev was forced to step down in a coup that brought Brezhnev to power. He was the first Soviet official (discounting Soviet intelligence officers) to visit Cuba after the revolution, and secured important trade agreements with the new government. In 1935 he was elected to the Politburo and was one of the first Soviet leaders to pay goodwill trips to the United States in order to boost economic cooperation. However, throughout this time, he remained Khrushchev's closest ally in the upper echelons of the Soviet leadership. First, he edited the Together with Mikhail Suslov, Mikoyan traveled to Budapest in an armored personnel carrier, in view of the shooting in the streets. keep feeling I’ve returned to my childhood every time I come to [16] Mikoyan's main assignment throughout the war was supplying the Red Army with materials, food, and other necessities. [2] His interactions with Soviet revolutionaries led him to Baku, where he became the co-editor for the Armenian-language newspaper Sotsyal-Demokrat and later for the Russian-language paper Izvestia Bakinskogo Soveta. report – he publicly acquitted many of those he purged in the Stalin made a joke about this, stating, "You, Anastas, care more about ice cream, than about communism.

In September 1937 Stalin dispatched Mikoyan, along with Georgy Malenkov and Lavrentiy Beria, with a list of 300 names to Yerevan, the capital of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), to oversee the liquidation of the Communist Party of Armenia (CPA), which was largely made up of Old Bolsheviks. During mosques and not to clash with the population on religious matters. [23] It was he, and not Khrushchev, who made the first anti-Stalinist speech at the 20th Congress. Mikoyan disapproved of Khrushchev's actions, claiming they violated "Party principle."

In October 1956 Mikoyan was sent to the People's Republic of Hungary to gather information on the developing crisis caused by the revolution against the communist government there. Armenian- language newspaper. Mikoyan's new position was largely ceremonial; it was noted that his declining health and old age were being considered. During Stalin's rule, Mikoyan held several high governmental posts, including that of Minister of Foreign Trade.

– the British helped the Mensheviks and the Ottomans rallied behind 1964 Mikoyan once again walked the fine line between changing powers. Baku Soviets boarded a ship to Astrakhan, a port city on the Black [21], Shortly before his death in 1953, Stalin considered launching a new purge against Mikoyan, Vyacheslav Molotov, and several other Party leaders. brother, Artyom Mikyoan, later became known as an outstanding plane