Handcarts, two-wheeled carts that were pulled by emigrants instead of draft animals, were sometimes used as an alternate means of transportation from 1856 to 1860. They discussed routes into the Salt Lake Valley and the feasibility of viable settlements in the mountain valleys of the Great Basin. The Quincy Convention of October 1845 passed resolutions demanding that the Latter-day Saints withdraw from Nauvoo by May 1846. Week 1 US is under COVID 19 lock down 3/15/2020. Seasonal Road and Trail Closures. Young and several other members of the party suffered from a fever, generally accepted as a "mountain fever" induced by wood ticks. In the spring of 1847, Young led the vanguard company to the Salt Lake Valley, which was then outside the boundaries of the United States and later became Utah. [5] To try to meet this deadline and to get an early start on the trek to the Great Basin, the Latter-day Saints began leaving Nauvoo in February 1846.[6]. Therefore, an irrigation system was designed and the land was flooded before plowing, and the resulting system provided supplemental moisture during the year. The first segment, across Iowa to the Missouri River, covered around 265 miles. While at Fort Laramie, the vanguard company was joined by members of the Mormon Battalion, who had been excused due to illness and sent to winter in Pueblo, Colorado, and a group of Church members from Mississippi. In their new settlement, entertainment was also important, and the first public building was a theater. Historians have estimated at least 500,000 emigrants used these three trails between 1843 and 1869, and despite growing competition from transcontinental railroads, some use even continued into the early 20th century. Young reviewed information on the Great Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin, consulted with mountain men and trappers, and met with Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, a Jesuit missionary familiar with the region. About 90,000 Latter-day Saint converts crossed the oceans during the 19th century, heeding a call to come to Zion. Scholarly Articles. [15], The handcarts were modeled after carts used by street sweepers and were made almost entirely of wood. scatvca-Mormon_Emigrant_Trail_....What_really_happened_in_the_Second_Indian_War_in_El_Dorado_County, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dGoYA9rujvQ, Mormon_Emigrant_Trail_....What_really_happened_in_the_Second_Indian_War_in_El_Dorado_County.en.vtt, Mormon_Emigrant_Trail_....What_really_happened_in_the_Second_Indian_War_in_El_Dorado_County.es.vtt, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). Finally, with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869, future emigrants were able to travel by rail, and the era of the Mormon pioneer trail came to an end.[18]. After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. After crossing the Mississippi River, the journey across Iowa Territory followed primitive territorial roads and Native American trails.