Graeco-Roman Temple Library Recommended reading list He was pardoned by Octavian and returned to Rome to complete the temple. The Apollinar and its successors can closely be linked to the site next to the theatre due to Asconius's reference[2] to it being "outside the porta Carmentalis between the Forum Holitorium and the Circus Flaminius", Livy's placing it in the prata Flaminia (Flaminian meadows, as this area was then called)[3] and other references placing it near to the forum,[4] the Capitol[5] and the theatre of Marcellus[6] respectively. Vocabulary. These date to c. 450 - 425 BC and show an amazonomachy. Other new features include the insertion of decorative elements meant to celebrate Octavian, such as the laurel in the frieze and capitals. Tufa - a … Orig. If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. and dedicated to Apollo Medicus after a plague that had swept through the city (Livy. The building is oriented almost perfectly towards the south, differing from the orientation of the other neighbouring buildings, including the adjoining temple of Bellona. AP® is a registered trademark of the College Board, which has not reviewed this resource. This building was restored in 353 BC and 179 BC. The architrave on top of the columns is intricately carved. A neighbouring temple dedicated to Apollo's sister Diana probably dates to the late Republic, following the destruction of the Apollo temple's precinct in work on the theatre of Marcellus. This style would later be codified in the Forum of Augustus. Its present name derives from that of its final rebuilder, Gaius Sosius. The temple's main pediment was decorated with sculptures removed from a classical temple in Greece. Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy) and sculpture of Apollo. Online Temple for the god Apollo with links and information about the god, Hellenismos, Greek religion, and related websites to those practicing classical religions. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. 1909, 74‑75; BC 1893, 46‑60; Bull. Several relics from the temple are on display in the Central Montemartini Museum. They form the front right-hand corner of the temple that the Theatre of Marcellus was built to serve. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. The remains of the podium wall surviving beneath the cloisters of Santa Maria in Campitelli – 13 metres long, over 4 high and over 2 thick – were assumed by Delbrück to be unquestionably a part of the original structure. The columns are fluted with alternating wide and narrow grooves. d. Inst. Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock); terra cotta sculpture. [23] Frank, however, maintains that though the cappellaccio tuff core may belong to the original building, the rest (besides some concrete with an opus reticulatum facing, attributable to the 34 BC phase) belongs to the 179 BC restoration. Plans of the temples of Apollo and Bellona on the Comune di Roma site (Italian), This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 20:47. Its present name derives from that of its final rebuilder, Gaius 294; Arch. A Tourist in Rome - Temple of Apollo Sosianus. The facade's architrave was made up of blocks of travertine faced and supported with marble in the pittabanda style, rather than solid blocks of marble alone. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. XL.51.6, which Frank makes to refer to the temple itself. Temple of Apollo Medicus. the grooves of the column trunks, which are not all equal, but alternately wider and narrower). The MSS. Acad. The first temple to Apollo in this area dates to 431 BC when the consul Gnaeus Iulius Mento dedicated it to Apollo Medicus. Medieval homes were in the area right up to the 1920s, but they were demolished to allow the Theatre of Marcellus to be seen. because of a plague, and dedicated two years later, this was the only temple of the Greek god Apollo in Rome until Augustus built one on the Palatine. Am. In Greek it appears as Ἀπολλώνιον, the Apollonion - Cass. Dio frg. It was thus dedicated in the end to the name of the princeps, with the dedication day in the Augustan period of 23 September. Since Apollo was a foreign cult, it thus legally had to be placed outside the pomerium,[7] making it a regular spot for extra-pomerial senate meetings[8] (This was also Apollo's only temple in Rome until Augustus dedicated another on the Palatine Hill.)[9]. The reconstruction was interrupted by the civil war between Octavian and Mark Antony. The first temple to Apollo in this area dates to 431 BC when the consul Gnaeus Iulius Mento dedicated it to Apollo Medicus. The triumphal portico (a long portico stretching a mile between the Servian Wall's porta Carmentalis and the Trigarium) passed the corners of the temples of Apollo and Bellona, where major remains of it can be seen.